Living with rats and mice is unhealthy. They spread diseases and contaminate food with their urine and droppings. What’s more, with their constant need to gnaw, rodents cause costly structural damage, and house fires are sometimes the result of rodents gnawing on electrical wires.
The goal of rodent control is two-prong: first, getting rid of rats and mice and, then, preventing them from re-entering your home. To get the best results from your efforts, we recommend a complete program that includes:
- A thorough inspection of your premises.
- Using baits and traps correctly
- Rodent proofing your premises.
For best results follow the Directions for Use on the packaging.
What You Need to Know About Mice
Mice typically travel between 10 and 30 feet from their nest to their food source. Try to determine the proximity of the nest in relation to where you've seen primary signs of activity (droppings or gnaw marks, for example). Once you've determined that, use Glue Traps and Snap Traps nearest the nest area and use Chunx or pelleted place pacs near the area of primary activity (feeding) as indicated below.
Following this baiting strategy will maximize success. Carefully placed glue traps and snap traps will intercept mice on their way to feed, while the Chunx and pelleted place pacs will act as an alternate food source if the mice use a different runway to their area of primary activity.
What You Need to Know About Rats
Rats will travel 25 to 100 feet from their nesting area to their food source. To eliminate rats, you will need to think three-dimensionally (up, down and to the sides). Rats will climb. As with mice, try to determine the runways rats use in moving from their nesting areas to feeding areas (areas of primary activity). Place Chunx or pelleted place pacs (secured in bait stations) in corners where rats travel and in other dark areas wherever you've seen signs of rats. You might have to bait attics, along rafters, and in drop ceilings near their area of primary activity. Rat sized glue traps and snap traps should be placed along walls or in corners to intercept rats leaving the nest for feeding areas. This approach follows the same methodology as that described for mice (above) but adjusting for the unique characteristics of rats.
Important Note: Always place rodent control products out of the reach of children and pets.
Product Usage Tips
Mouse Snap Traps: Place mouse snap traps perpendicular to walls or other objects. Mice move along walls and will attempt to run through the trap. This instinctual characteristic is what makes snap traps so effective. Clever mice may try to jump over traps. In that case, place two traps together. To enhance the effectiveness of mouse snap traps, bait with Tomcat Mouse Attractant Gel.
Rat Snap Traps: Place rat snap traps perpendicular to walls or other objects. Because rats are neophobic (afraid of "new" things) they may initially be reluctant to run through the trap. Baiting the trap may help entice them into the trap. Tomcat’s Rat Snap Trap has a removable bait cup to allow baiting before the trap is set. The integrated "tie down" feature of the trap lets you affix it to rafters, poles, pipes and other hard to bait areas where rats travel.
Glue Traps: Position traps along active rodent runways, such as along walls, under large kitchen appliances, in the false bottoms of cupboards, and other areas where rodents travel. Be sure to fit the glue trap flush against a wall where rodents will run over and stick to it. Tomcat Glue Traps are pre-baited with attractant. Do not bait glue traps, as oily substances, such as peanut butter, will make the traps less effective. After use, dispose of the trap and captured rodent in the trash. Keep glue traps away from children and pets. If you need to remove glue, see FAQ.
TIP: For maximum effectiveness, keep traps free of dust, debris and moisture. Water and dirt will compromise the glue’s holding power.
Baits: Bait Chunx are an excellent choice when it is important to closely monitor bait consumption. Plus, they can be used indoors or out, even in areas of high moisture. Pelleted place pacs are excellent for use in tight areas such as behind appliances and are convenient because your hands never have to touch the bait. While different forms work better in some applications, rodent baits can be used in corners, inside wall cavities, behind appliances or in other areas inaccessible to children and pets.
Bait Stations: Bait stations provide added safety when baiting in and around the home. Place bait stations in the same locations you would place the bait itself. Both pelleted place pacs and bait Chunx can be used inside bait stations. However, Chunx can be readily secured inside the station for even greater safety.
Motomco makes bait stations to fit every need. From pre-baited stations for rats and mice with bait preloaded securely inside, to larger, multi-purpose stations that can accommodate multiple bait placements or snap traps.
6 Keys to Successfully Control Rats & Mice
- Choosing the right product for the job.
- Your choice of rodent control product depends upon several factors:
- The type of problem you’re experiencing – mouse or rat problems.
- The severity of the problem – a bad infestation, minor problem, occasional intruder.
- Environmental conditions – indoors or outdoors, the presence of children and pets, sanitation conditions, single dwelling or apartment complex.
- Control preferences – how comfortable you are using a particular method of control.
- An inspection of the premises will reveal the problem areas and the species involved - mice or rats (See Pest ID for complete descriptions). Place bait or traps where rats or mice will find it, usually along their runways next to walls or where you’ve seen droppings, nesting materials, gnaw marks, burrows or other signs of rodents.
- The idea is to place the trap or bait in the area where it will intercept the rodent while it is traveling from it's nest to a food source.
- For mice - this is typically 10-30 feet.
- For rats - this is typically 25-100 feet.
- A common mistake in controlling rodents is underestimating their numbers.
- For mice - space placements at 8-12 foot intervals.
- For rats - space placements at 15-30 foot intervals
- Note: Make sure to keep a fresh supply of bait and remove any spoiled bait. Move devices if you are not achieving results
- With bait, the label is the law. Before using any product, read the instructions carefully. The label instructions give useful information on bait or trap placement.
- To reduce the chances that children, pets, and other wildlife will come into contact with the bait always secure the bait inside of a bait station.
- Bait stations are available in different sizes to accommodate rats and mice. Additionally, rodents feel secure in these bait stations where they find and eat the bait. Bait stations should be placed in areas where signs of rodent activity are visible to achieve the best results.
- Motomco offers stations that have been tested and proven tamper-resistant to kids and kids & dogs in both disposable and refillable options. However, it is still safest to always place all rodent control products in areas inaccessible to children and pets.
- Reduce the chances of having a severe or persistent rodent problem by applying rodent-proofing measures, such as plugging holes where rodents are entering buildings. Get rid of the rodents’ food and water, whenever possible. Store food in containers. Clean up the problem area by getting rid of clutter. Disrupting the rodents’ environment stresses them and may send them scurrying.