Crop Production > Pests > Voles


Voles (Meadow Mice)


  • Commonly referred to as Meadow Mice.
  • Many species depending on habitat (70+).
  • Length: 4.5”-10”, including the tail.
  • Pear-shaped body with short ears and tail.
  • Dark brown body with silver to gray underbelly.


  • Voles are herbivores, typically dining on below ground plant parts.
  • Voles prefer to live in meadows with dense vegetation where they can nest and feed.
  • Create elaborate burrow systems that they share with multiple families.
  • Every 4 to 10 years an irruption event occurs increasing populations by up to 100x normal.


  • Females reach sexual maturity at 28 days.
  • Gestation period is 21 days.
  • Voles can have 4 to 6 young per litter, up to 8 litters per year.
  • Breed from March to December.
  • Highest breeding activity May to October.

Control Methods

  • Environmental
    • Predators: Owls, Hawks, Snakes, Coyotes, Bobcats, Foxes, Skunks, Blue Heron.
    • Weather: Freezing weather reduces population.
    • Diseases: Tularemia.
  • Poison Baits
    • ZP AG contains the active ingredient Zinc Phosphide.
    • Zinc Phosphide is the toxicant for controlling Voles.
    • Effective treatment for Voles.